Electric Field Enhanced Processing of Advanced Materials III: Complexities and Opportunities

An ECI Conference Series

March 13-18, 2022
Hotel Dos Templarios
Tomar, Portugal

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About This Conference

Coming soon!

Visit the website for the last conference in this series.

Conference Organization


Rishi Raj, University of Colorado at Boulder     Website

Steering Committee:

Martha Mecartney, University of California Irvine, USA
Vaidhy Vaidhynathan, Loughborough University, UK
Olivier Guillon, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany
Rishi Raj, University of Colorado at Boulder, USA
Hidehiro Yoshida, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Wayne Kaplan, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Israel
Luis Maqueda, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Sevilla (CSIC-US), Spain

Conference Venue

Tomar, Portugal Situated in the geographic center of Portugal, Tomar (about 135 km northeast of Lisbon) was founded by the notorious Knights Templar in 1160. The Templars were part monks, part warriors and plotted crusades from Tomar for centuries. They established the beginnings of the Convento de Cristo, Tomar’s most famous landmark, on a hill overlooking the town. The Convento combines architectural styles from the 12th through 17th centuries.  An ornate octagonal canopy protects the high altar of the Templo dos Templares, modeled after the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, and the grounds of the convent contain eight cloisters embracing a variety of styles.

The Templars earned a reputation as ferocious fighters, and won the admiration and trust of both rich and poor. They served as protectors and transporters of Christian kings, power brokers and pilgrims and grew famous as bankers. The Templars acquired great wealth, but made many enemies in the process. Pope Clement V accepted accusations of heresy, blasphemy and sacrilege leveled against the Templars by Philip the Fair, king of France, and many Templars were imprisoned or executed. King Dinis of Portugal allowed them to regroup their forces under the new aegis of the Order of Christ. Prince Henry the Navigator became Administrator after the Templars became the Order of Christ and he used much of their wealth to finance his explorations.

Tomar is divided by the River Nabão, the banks of which are dotted with weirs and wheels once used to water vegetable gardens and orchards. The irrigation techniques illustrate the Muslim tradition of hydraulic engineering. Most sights, accommodations and shops lie on the west bank of the river and the lush Parque Mouchão straddles the two banks. The ancient yet functional Ponte Velha (Old Bridge) connects the two. Tomar’s main shopping thoroughfare is rua Serpa Pinto, known locally as Corre Doura. Outlets for folklore, pottery, copperware and wrought iron highlight it. Tascas and bars are scattered throughout the city, with some offering live music.

Hotel dos Templários  Situated near the heart of Tomar’s Old Town, the Hotel dos Templários is the largest hotel in the district. Many rooms offer views of the Convent of Christ and the public areas, including lounges and terraces-view dining rooms, are spacious. The hotel offers room service, laundry, a barbershop, a beauty parlor, a billiards room and baby-sitting. There are wide sun terraces, indoor and outdoor pools, a tennis court and a greenhouse. The hotel also has large gardens. Rooms have air conditioning, private bathrooms, televisions and minibars. Free parking is available.

For more information on the area, please visit these web sites:

Convent of Christ                           Sacred Destinations of Tomar

Festival of the Trays                                         Fifteen Best in Tomar

Tomar Tourism Guide                                    Tomar Essential Guide


Transportation to Tomar: Tomar is situated 140 km northeast of Lisbon.

Train: The railway that connects Lisbon (Gare do Oriente train station) and Tomar is a regional service with Tomar as the final stop on the line.  The railway is operated by CP (Comboios de Portugal), the national train company.    As the service is a regional line, there are multiple stops along the route and the total journey takes just over two hours.  On the weekend, trains depart about every two hours from Lisbon to Tomar at the Oriente train station (Lisboa Oriente).  On weekdays, trains run about once an hour.  The train station is about 3 km from the airport. The latest timetable can be downloaded from the CP website.

Traveling by train in Portugal is inexpensive and a single ticket from Lisbon to Tomar costs about € 10, The tickets are purchased from the ticket office on the day of travel and cannot be pre-booked.

To get to Gare do Oriente from the Lisbon International Airport, you can go by Metro or Taxi:

Metro – Metro trains (red line) run every few minutes from 6 am to 1 am.  A one-way ticket is about € 2.                            Metro Website

Taxi – Taxicabs depart from the front of the airport and the trip takes about 10 minutes. You can purchase a “Taxi Voucher” ticket for the Oriente train station (23 EUR) inside the airport at the Tourism Information Centre. This option sets an exact price for the trip, but if there is no traffic, then use a regular taxi which would cost between 15-20 EUR.  Note: There are usually taxis available at the Departure area of the airport and sometimes the price is cheaper than at the Arrivals area.

If you have any questions about these means of travel, you can ask at the “Tourism Information” center at the airport. 

The Tomar train station is located to the southwestern side of town but it is less than a 10 minute walk to the historic center.  Upon arrival at the Tomar train station, taxis are available for the one or two kilometer trip to the Hotel Dos Templarios.

Bus:  There are four daily express services from Lisbon to Tomar and the journey takes 1 hour 45 minutes.  The single ticket costs € 10.  The coach service is operated by Rede Expressos and the latest timetable can be viewed on their website.

The Lisbon to Tomar bus service departs from the Sete Rios bus station in Lisbon and this bus station is served by the Jardim Zoologico metro station on the blue line.  The bus station in Tomar is opposite the train station.

Auto: If you plan to drive to Tomar, there is free parking at the hotel.  Once in Tomar, follow the hotel signs.  (Our hotel is the major one in the town.)  If you are from the US and have not yet rented a car, try AutoEurope  which will allow you to comparison shop.

General Information about ECI

Engineering Conferences International (ECI) is a global engineering conferences program, originally established in 1962, that provides opportunities for the exploration of problems and issues of concern to engineers and scientists from many disciplines.

The format of the weeklong research conference provides morning and late afternoon or evening sessions in which major presentations are made. Available time is included during the afternoons for ad hoc meetings, informal discussions, and/or recreation. This format is designed to enhance rapport among participants and promote dialogue on the development of the meeting. We believe that the conferences have been instrumental in generating ideas and disseminating information to a greater extent than is possible through more conventional forums.

All participants are expected both to attend the entire conference and to contribute actively to the discussions. The recording/photographing of lectures and presentations is forbidden. As ECI conferences take place in an informal atmosphere, casual clothing is the usual attire.

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