Final Program

Power Production in the 21st Century:
Impacts of Fuel Quality and Operations

October 28 - November 2, 2001
Snowbird Resort & Conference Center
Snowbird, Utah

Conference Co-Chairs:
N.S. Harding
Harding & Associates, USA
L.L. Baxter
Brigham Young University, USA
F. Wigley
Imperial College, UK
F. Frandsen
DTH, Denmark

United Engineering Foundation, Inc.
Three Park Avenue, 27th Floor
New York, NY 10016-5902
T: 1-212-591-7836 - F: 1-212-591-7441
engfnd@aol.com -- www.engfnd.org/1bg.html

Sunday, October 28, 2001

16:30 - 17:45 Conference Registration   (BALLROOM 2 LOBBY )

18:00 - 20:00 Dinner   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM)

20:00 - 21:00 Opening Reception   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

Monday, October 29, 2001

07:30 - 08:30 Breakfast Buffet   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

09:00 - 12:15 SESSION 1: Fundamental Investigations (I)   (BALLROOM 2)
Session Chair: Flemming Frandsen, Technical University of Denmark

09:15 - 09:45 A Mechanistic Approach for Assessing Thermal Performance of Coal Blends
R. P. Gupta, A. Rushdi, G. Browning, and T. F. Wall
University of Newcastle, AUSTRALIA

09:45 - 10:15 EU-Project "Prediction of Ash and Deposit Formation for Biomass Pulverized Fuel Co-Combustion"
S. Unterberger, C. Lopez and K. R. G. Hein
Institute of Process Engineering and Power Plant Technology, GERMANY
R. Korbee
Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands, NETHERLANDS
B. J. Skrifvars
Abo Akademi University, FINLAND
F. Frandsen
Technical University of Denmark, DENMARK
B. Simpson
ALSTOM Combustion Services Ltd., UK
M. Bahls
RWE Rheinbraun AG, GERMANY
N. Berge
TPS Termiska Processor AB, SWEDEN
P. Henderson and P. Kallner
Vattenfall AB, SWEDEN
M. Cioni
ENEL Produzione Spa, ITALY
J. Little
University of Cambridge, UK
B. McGhee
Mitsui Babcock Energy Ltd., Technology Centre, UK

10:15 - 10:45 Coffee Break   (BALLROOM LOBBY )

10:45 - 11:15 The Formation Mechanisms of the Initial Ash Deposit Layers During Biofuel Combustion
Jouni Pyykonen and Jorma Jokiniemi
VTT Energy, FINLAND
Pirita Mikkanen and Esko Kauppinen
VTT Chemical Technology, FINLAND

11:15 - 11:45 Modeling Deposit Formation in Straw-Fired Grate Boilers
Soren Knudsen Kaer
Aalborg University, DENMARK

11:45 - 12:15 Thermodynamic Modelling to Characterise Melting and Flow Properties of the Coal Ash Slags
Dr. Evgueni Jak, Alexander Kondratiev, Shannon Christie, Igor Vladimirov and Peter C. Hayes
Pyrometallurgy Research Centre, The University of Queensland, AUSTRALIA

12:30 - 14:00 Lunch   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM)

14:00 - 18:00 Ad hoc sessions and/or free time

18:15 - 19:15 Dinner   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

19:30 - 21:15 SESSION 2: Fundamental Investigations (II)   (BALLROOM 2)
Session Chair: Raj Gupta, University of Newcastle

19:45 - 20:15 Predicting Ash Particle-Size and Composition Distribution From Coal-Biomass Cofiring
Li Yan, Robert Jensen, Jason Laumb and Steven Benson
University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center, USA

20:15 - 20:45 Interactions Between Quarl Refractories and Coal Ash
Jon Wells and Jim Williamson
Imperial College, UK
Gerry Riley
Innogy Holdings plc, UK

20:45 - 21:15 Investigation of Biomass Inorganic Matter by Advanced Fuel Analysis and Conversion Experiments
Rob Korbee and Jacob H.A. Kiel
Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands, NETHERLANDS;
Maria Zevenhoven and Bengt-Johan Skrifvars
Abo Akademi University, FINLAND
Peter A. Jensen and Flemming J. Frandsen
Technical University of Denmark, DENMARK

21:30 - 22:30 Social Hour   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

Tuesday, October 30, 2001

07:30 - 08:30 Breakfast Buffet   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

09:00 - 12:15 SESSION 3: Alternate Fuels - Applications   (BALLROOM 2)
Session Chair: Arun Mehta, Electric Power Research Institute

09:15 - 09:45 Ash Behavior in A Pulverized Wood Fired Boiler - A Case Study
Bengt-Johan Skrifvars and Tor Lauren
Process Chemistry Group, Abo Akademi University, FINLAND
Rob Korbee
Energy Research Centre, The NETHERLANDS
Per Ljung
Vattenfall Utveckling AB, SWEDEN

09:45 - 10:15 Practical Experience with Ash and Deposit Formation in Danish Biomass-Fired Boilers
F. J. Frandsen, P. A. Jensen, W. Lin and K. Dam-Johansen
Technical University of Denmark, DENMARK

10:15 - 10:45 Coffee Break   (BALLROOM LOBBY)

10:45 - 11:15 The Deposit Structure When Co-firing Biomass and REF
Terttaliisa Lind and Esko I. Kauppinen
VTT Chemical Technology, FINLAND
Jouni Hamalainen
VTT Technology, FINLAND

11:15 - 11:45 Ash Formation and Deposition in Kraft Recovery Boilers
R.P. Gupta
University of Newcastle, AUSTRALIA
R. Backman
Abo Akademi University, FINLAND

11:45 - 12:15 Ash and Deposit Formation in Waste Incinerators
Flemming J. Frandsen and Kim Dam-Johansen
Technical University of Denmark, DENMARK
Ole Hede Larsen
Faelleskemikerne, DENMARK
Charlotte Appel
Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, DENMARK

12:30 - 14:00 Lunch   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

14:00 - 18:00 Ad hoc sessions and/or free time

18:15 - 19:15 Dinner   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

19:30 - 21:15 SESSION 4: Alternate Fuels - Pilot-scale Investigations   (BALLROOM 2)
Session Chair: Will Gibb, Power Technology Center

19:45 - 20:15 Biomass for Energy - Characterization and Combustion Ash Behavior
Bruce C. Folkedahl, Christopher J. Zygarlicke, Phillip N. Hutton, and Donald P. McCollor
University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center, USA

20:15 - 20:45 Test burn at Industrial Boiler Operated with Biomass from Radioactively Contaminated Forest
Alexandre J. Grebenkov, Igor G. Pleshchenkov and Vitali N. Solovjev
Institute of Power Engineering Problems, BELARUS
Larry L. Baxter
Brigham Young University, USA
Christian L. Fogh and Jorn Roed
Riso National Laboratory, DENMARK
Helle Junker and Niels Kirkegaard
Elsamprojekt, DENMARK

20:45 - 21:15 CFD Simulation of Biomass Co-firing Injection Strategies in a Pilot-scale Coal-fired Furnace
Hong-Shig Shim, Martin Denison, and Kevin Davis
Reaction Engineering International, USA
Larry Felix
Southern Research Institute, USA

21:30 - 22:30 Social Hour   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

Wednesday, October 31, 2001

07:30 - 08:30 Breakfast Buffet   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

09:00 - 12:15 SESSION 5: Conventional Fuels - Applications   (BALLROOM 2)
Session Chair: Murray Abbott, CONSOL Energy

09:15 - 09:45 Ash Behavior in Utility Boilers: A Decade of Fuel and Deposit Analysis
Margaret Laumb, Steven Benson
Microbeam Technologies Inc., USA
Jason Laumb
University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center, USA

09:45 - 10:15 Development of Fuel Quality Predictor for Three 900 MWe Units
Mark Valach, Jim Mooney and Mark Lamison
FirstEnergy, Inc., USA
Stan Harding
N. S. Harding & Associates, USA

10:15 - 10:45 Coffee Break   (BALLROOM LOBBY)

10:45 - 11:15 Use of EnviroCoal Throughout the World
Dee P. Rees
D. P. Rees & Associates, USA

11:15 - 11:45 Influence of Coal Quality and Boiler Operating Conditions on Slagging of Utility Boilers
Rod Hatt
Commercial Testing & Engineering Co., USA

11:45 - 12:15 Mineral Transformations and Interactions in Pulverised Coal Combustion
Fraser Wigley and Jim Williamson
Imperial College, UK

12:30 - 14:00 Lunch   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM)

14:00 - 18:00 Ad hoc sessions and/or free time

18:15 - 19:15 Dinner   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

19:30 - 21:15 SESSION 6: Conventional Fuels - Pilot-scale Studies   (BALLROOM 2)
Session Chair: Larry Dora, Northern Indiana Public Service Co.

19:45 - 20:15 Ash Deposition and Heat Transfer During PF Combustion of the Same Coals in a 1.3 MWt Test Facility and 700 MWe Full Scale Unit
S.K. Gupta, R.P. Gupta, G. W. Bryant, A. Bhargava, and T. F. Wall
Cooperative Research Centre for Coal in Sustainable Development, AUSTRALIA
S Watanabe and T. Kiga
IHI, Tokyo, JAPAN
K. Narukawa
Chubu Electric Power Co., JAPAN

20:15 - 20:45 Pilot and Lab Scale Tests for Predication of Ash Deposition
Ch. Lopez, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein
Institute of Process Engineering and Power Plant Technology, GERMANY

20:45 - 21:15 Fine Particle Deposition
Larry L. Baxter
Brigham Young University, USA
Scott Sinquefield
Institute of Paper Science and Technology, USA
Jim Frederick
Chalmers University of Technology, SWEDEN

Study of the Ash Characteristics During Co-firing Coal and Calcium-Based Compound Additive (Unable to Attend)
Hao Liu, Xiaoping Zhang, Jainrong Qiu, Hao Wu, and Quanhai Wang
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, CHINA

Thursday, November 1, 2001

07:30 - 08:30 Breakfast Buffet   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

09:00 - 12:15 SESSION 7: Corrosion/Waterwall Wastage   (BALLROOM 2)
Session Chair: Fraser Wigley, Imperial College

09:15 - 09:45 Mechanistic Investigation of Chlorine-based, High-temperature Boiler Corrosion
Larry Baxter, Dale Tree, Shrinivas Lokare, J. David Dunaway and David Moulton
Brigham Young University, USA
Arun Mehta, Wate Bakker and Tony Facchiano
Electric Power Research Institute, USA

09:45 - 10:15 Quantification of the Causes of Fireside Wastage in Pulverized-Coal-Fired Utility Boilers
Simon P. Hanson and Murray F. Abbott
CONSOL Energy Inc., USA

10:15 - 10:45 Coffee Break   (BALLROOM LOBBY )

10:45 - 11:15 On-line Technique for Corrosion Characterization in Utility Boilers
T. M. Linjewile, K. A. Davis and G. C. Green
Reaction Engineering International, USA
W. M. Cox and R. N. Carr
Corrosion Management, UK
N. S. Harding
N. S. Harding & Associates, USA
D. Overacker
University of Utah, USA

11:15 - 11:45 Fireside Corrosion in AP-1650 and OP-420 Boilers Fired with Polish Hard Coal
Halina Kruczek and Wlodzimierz Rydz
Wroclaw University of Technology, POLAND

11:45 - 12:15 A Systematic Approach to Ash Deposition in Commercial, Coal-fired Boilers
Arun Mehta
Electric Power Research Institute, USA
Larry Baxter
Brigham Young University, USA

12:30 - 14:00 Lunch   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

13:30 - 16:30 SESSION 8: Poster Session   (BALLROOM 1)
Session Chair: Larry Baxter, Brigham Young University

HCl and SO2 Emissions from Full Scale Biomass Fired Boilers
Peter A. Jensen, Flemming J. Frandsen, and Kim Dam-Johansen
Technical University of Denmark, DENMARK

Sulfur Transformations During Thermal Conversion of biomass - The
Potential of In-situ Sulfur Capture
Jacob N. Knudsen, Weigang Lin, Flemming J. Frandsen, Kim Dam-Johansen
Technical University of Denmark, DENMARK

Bench-Scale Studies of SCR Catalyst Blinding
Jason D. Laumb
Energy and Environmental Research Center, USA

The Effect of Alkali Content on Agglomeration and Defluidization in a Fluidized Bed Incinerator
Han-Jin Bae, Jung-Rae Kim, Eul-Hyun Kim and Kyu-Jong Kim
Hyundai Industrial Research Institute, KOREA

Behavior of Mercury in Air Pollution Control Devices on Coal-Fired Utility Boilers
Constance L. Senior
Reaction Engineering International, USA

16:30 - 19:00 Ad hoc sessions and/or free time

19:00 - 21:00 Conference Banquet and Social Hour   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

Friday, November 2, 2001

07:30 - 08:30 Breakfast Buffet   (GOLDEN CLIFF ROOM )

09:00 - 12:15 SESSION 9: Laboratory Investigations   (BALLROOM 2)
Session Chair: Terry Wall, University of Newcastle

09:15 - 09:45 Viscosity Behavior of Subbituminous and Lignitic Slags
Jason D. Laumb, Donald P. McCollor, and Steven A. Benson
University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center, USA

09:45 - 10:15 Fate of Potassium and Other Salt Forming Elements During Combustion of High-Chlorine Biomass Fuels - Chemical Equilibrium Sensitivity Analysis
Elisabet Brus and Anders Nordin
Umea University, SWEDEN
Hakan Kassman
Sweddpower AB, SWEDEN
Per Kallner
Vattenfall Utveckling, SWEDEN

10:15 - 10:45 Coffee Break   (BALLROOM LOBBY )

10:45 - 11:15 Viscosity of Ashes From the Co-firing of Coal and Wheat Straw
S. Vargas, F. J. Frandsen, K. Dam-Johansen
Technical University of Denmark, DENMARK

11:15 - 11:45 Bed Material Consumption in Biomass Fired Fluidised Bed Boilers due to Risk for Bed Agglomeration - Coating Formation and Possibilities for Regeneration
Anders Nordin, Marcus Ohman, and Elisabet Brus
Department of Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Umea University, SWEDEN
Bengt-Johan Skrifvars and Rainer Backman
Abo Akademi University, FINLAND

11:45 - 12:15 Behaviour of Calcium and Iron in the Consolidation of Boiler Deposits
Jim Williamson and Fraser Wigley
Imperial College, UK
Nigel Russell
University of Sheffield, UK

12:15 Concluding Remarks/Conference Adjournment
Pick up boxed lunches

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