Preliminary Program

UNDERSTANDING HEAT EXCHANGER
FOULING AND ITS MITIGATION

11 - 16 May, 1997

Il Ciocco Conference Center
Castelvecchio Pascoli (near Barga), Italy
Phone: 39-583-719-204 - Fax: 39-583-723-197

Conference Chair:
T.R. Bott
University of Birmingham
United Kingdom

Co-Sponsors:
University of Birmingham School of Chemical Engineering
Heat Transfer Fluid Science Harwell
American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Engineering Foundation
345 E. 47th Street New York, NY 10017
1-212-705-7836; fax: 1-212-705-7441
E-mail: engfnd@aol.com

Sunday, May 11, 1997

6:00 pm - 7:30 pm	Registration
7:30 pm - 9:30 pm	Opening Dinner
9:30 pm - 10:30 pm	Reception

Monday, May 12, 1997

7:30 am - 8:30 am	Breakfast
8:30 am - 8:45 am	Welcome
			Reg Bott - Conference Chair
			Frank Schmidt - EF Technical Liaison
			Barbara Hickernell - EF Conferences Director
			FUNDAMENTALS OF FOULING MECHANISMS AND DESIGN
8:45 am - 9:15 am	Particle Deposition and its Mitigation 
			Norman Epstein
9:15 am - 9:45 am	Fouling Due to Corrosion
			Euan F.C. Somerscales
9:45 am - 10:15 am	An Overview of Biofouling from Basis Science to Mitigation
			Luis F. Melo
10:15 am - 10:45 am	Coffee Break
10:45 am - 11:15 am	Crystallization and Scaling
			David Hasson
11:15 am - 11:45 am	Chemical Reaction
			Barry Crittenden
11:45 am - 12:30 pm	Discussion
12:30 pm - 1:45 pm	Lunch
2:00 pm - 5:00 pm	Ad hoc Discussions
3:30 pm - 4:30 pm	Wine Tasting
5:00 pm			Coffee Service in Conference Room
5:00 pm - 5:20 pm	Dynamics of a Particulate Bed at the Wall of a Fluid Flow: Breakdown - Reentrainment
			P. Maron and P. Andre
5:20 pm - 5:40 pm	Model Investigations of Initial Fouling Rates in Heat Transfer Equipment
			I. Rose, A.P. Watkinson and N. Epstein
5:40 pm - 6:00 pm	A New Predictive Model for Particulate Fouling
			Z.M. Xu and S.R. Yang
6:00 pm - 6:20 pm	Fouling Mitigation in Plate Heat Exchangers by Proper Design
			B. Thonon and J.M. Grillot
6:20 pm - 6:40 pm	Effect of Tube - Support Design on Steam Generator Fouling Susceptibility
			H.E.C. Rummens and C.W. Turner
6:40 pm - 7:00 pm	The Effects of Fouling on the Irreversibility of Heat Exchangers
			S.R. Yang and Z.M. Xu
7:00 pm - 7:45 pm	Discussion
8:00 pm - 10:00 pm	Dinner
10:00 pm - 11:00 pm	Social Hour

Tuesday, May 13, 1997

7:30 am - 8:30 am	Breakfast
			AQUEOUS SYSTEMS - COOLING WATER
8:30 am - 8:50 am	Some Microbial Physiological Factors Important in the 
			Design of Biofouling Mitigation Strategies
			K.E. Cooksey and B. Wigglesworth-Cooksey
8:50 am - 9:20 am	Synergism Models for Heat Exchanger Fouling Mitigation
			G.B. McGarey and C.W. Turner
9:20 am - 9:40 am	Fouling Inhibition Effects of Carbon Steel in Cooling Water 
			Systems:  Removing Corrosive Anionic Ions
			Y. Ono
9:40 am - 10:00 am	Particle Fouling:  Appraisal of Controlling Factors
			S.G. Yiantsios and A.J. Karabelas
10:00 am - 10:30 am	Coffee Break
10:30 am - 10:50 am	Inhibition of Pseudomonas Fluorescens Biofilm Development by Hydrogen Peroxide
			A.J. Wills and T.R. Bott
10:50 am - 11:10 am	Mitigation of Fouling in a Batch Heat Recovery Unit in a Textile Factory
			K. Elahee
11:10 am - 11:30 am	Characteristics of Enhanced Surface Crystallization Fouling
			W.C. Kuru and C.B. Panchal
11:30 am - 12:00 noon	Discussion
12:00 noon - 2:00 pm	Lunch
12:00 noon - 5:00 pm	(Optional) Excursion to Lucca and Pisa (boxed lunches provided)
2:00 pm - 5:30 pm	Ad hoc discussions
			FOULING IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY
5:30 pm			Coffee Service in conference room
5:30 pm - 6:00 pm	Bulk Generation of Whey Protein Aggregates.  What is the 	
			Balance Between Surface and Bulk Effects in Food Fouling	
			B.L. Elliot, F. Delplace and P.J. Fryer
6:00 pm - 6:30 pm	Fouling Mitigation Through the Aggregation Process
			F. Delplace, J.C. Leulit and T.R. Bott
6:30 pm - 7:00 pm	Cleaning Surfaces Fouled by Whey Proteins
			C.R. Gillham, D.I. Wilson, A.P.M. Hasting and P.J. Fryer
7:00 pm - 7:30 pm	Decontamination of Calcium Phosphate from Stainless Steel Surfaces
			C.S. Grant, G.E. Webb and Y.W. Jeon
7:30 pm - 8:00 pm	Discussion
8:00 pm - 10:00 pm	Dinner
10:00 pm - 11:00 pm	Social Hour

Wednesday, May 14, 1997

7:30 am - 8:30 am	Breakfast
			AQUEOUS SYSTEMS - SCALING
8:30 am - 8:50 am	A Study of Fouling Induction Period of CaCO3 on Heating Surface
			L. Tianqing and W. Xinghai
8:50 am - 9:10 am	CaCO3 Scaling Under Constant Heat Flux
			M. Perrakis, N. Andritsos and A.J. Karabelas
9:10 am - 9:30 am	CaSO4 and CaCO3 Scale Foundation During Subcooled Flow Boiling
			S.H. Najibi and H. Müller-Steinhagen
9:30 am - 9:50 am	Effects of Ozonation in Calcium Carbonate Particulate Fouling
			B.Y. Wu and S.H. Chan
9:50 am - 10:20 am	Coffee Break
10:20 am - 10:10 am	Influence of Fouling Layer Shear Strength on Removal Behavior
			H. Hirsch, W. Augustim and M. Bohnet
10:10 am - 10:40 am	Coffee Break
10:40 am - 11:00 am	Factors Affecting the Precipitation of Sodium 
			Aluminosilicate Scale and Its Reduction in Alumina Refineries
			J. Addai-Mensah, M.C. Barnes, A. Gerson, R. Jones and R. St.C. Smart
11:00 am - 11:20 am	Mitigation of Scale Formation in Bauxite Refineries
			H. Müller-Steinhagen
11:20 am - 11:40 am	Effectiveness of Inactive Surface for Mitigation Fouling
			G.C. Liu and D.Q. Xu
11:40 am - 12:00 noon	Ion Implantation - A New Method of Preparing Low Fouling Metal Surfaces
			Q. Zhao, H. Müller-Steinhagen and M. Reiss
12:00 noon - 12:30 pm	Discussion
12:30 pm - 2:00 pm	Lunch
2:00 pm - 5:00 pm	Ad hoc Discussions
			GAS SYSTEMS - COMBUSTION
5:00 pm			Coffee service in conference room
5:00 pm - 5:30 pm	Influence of the Surface Roughness and Thermal 
			Boundary Conditions on the Fouling Rate of a Cylinder in Cross Flow
			F. Bailer and J.M. Grillot
5:30 pm - 6:00 pm	Fouling Prediction of Particulate Two-Phase Flow Around Tubes
			M.Y. Ha, D.R. Lee, S.P. Ahn and H.D. Park
6:00 pm - 6:30 pm	Modelling the Roles of Alkali Vapors, Submicron Particles
			and Residual Fuel Particles in Fouling
			A. Eskola, J.K. Jokiniemi, J. Pyykönen and K.E.J. Lehtimen
6:30 pm - 7:00 pm	Discussion
7:00 pm - 8:00 pm	Panel Discussion
8:00 pm - 10:00 pm	Dinner
10:00 pm - 11:00 pm	Social Hour

Thursday, May 15, 1997

7:30 am - 8:30 am	Breakfast
			CHEMICAL REACTION FOULING - REFINERIES
8:30 am - 8:50 am	The Determination of the Threshold Fouling Curve for a Crude Oil
			J.C. Knudsen, D. Lin and W.A. Ebert
8:50 am - 9:10 am	Threshold Fouling Conditions for Crude Oil
			C.B. Panchal, W.C. Kuru, C.F. Liao and J.W. Palen
9:10 am - 9:30 am	Deposit Formation by Asphaltene - Rich Heavy Oil 
			Mixtures on Heat Transfer Surfaces
			S. Asomaning and A.P. Watkinson
9:30 am - 9:50 am	The Role of Asphaltenes and Polars in the Thermal 
			Fouling of Hydrocarbon Streams
			G. Dickakian
9:50 am - 10:10 am	Effect of Temperature on the Fouling of Diesel Oil 
			Hydrodesulfurization (HDS) Equipment in a Refinery
			M.H. Kim and C.H. Lee
10:10 am - 10:30 am	Mechanisms of Iron Sulfide Formation in Refinery Processes
			Y. Halpern, W.C. Kuru and C.B. Panchal
10:30 am - 11:00 am	Coffee Break
11:00 am - 11:20 am	Laboratory Fouling Tests for Gas Oils and Aromatic 
			Gasoline to Facilitate an Application of Packinox Plate Heat Exchanger
			H. Shibuya and S. Okamoto
11:20 am - 11:40 am	Fouling Control in Refinery Process Heat Exchanger 
			Systems by the Use of Chemical Treatment Programs
			A. Vanhove
11:40 am - 12:00 noon	Mitigation of Refinery Fouling by Management of Cleaning
			D.I. Wilson and V.S. Vassiliadis
12:00 noon - 12:20 pm	Mitigation of Fouling on Both Sides of a Refinery Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
			R. van der Ploeg, D.N. Storey and I.J. Gibbard
12:20 pm - 12:50 pm	Discussion
12:50 pm - 2:00 pm	Lunch
2:00 pm - 5:00 pm	Ad hoc Discussions
5:00 pm			Coffee service in poster room
5:00 pm - 7:00 pm	MONITORING
			Poster Session
			The Use of On-Line Analysis in the Measurements of 
			Asphaltene Agglomeration in Visbreaker Process Streams
			G.M. Jones
			Use of Heat Transfer Monitoring and Chemical Analysis 
			Techniques to Determine Fouling Mechanisms in Crude Preheat Streams
			D. Johnson and A. de Jong
			A Description of Three Fouling Monitors
			J.G. Knudsen
			Fouling Monitoring Techniques for Use in Aqueous Process Fluids
			J.H. Howarth, N.F. Glen and A.M. Jenkins
			On-Line Monitoring of Biofilm and Total Residual Oxidant by a New ENEL System
			P. Cristiani and A. Molliea and G. Ventura
			Monitoring and Control of Biofouling in Heat Exchangers
			E. Egula, T.F. Vidart, J.A. Bezanilla, J.J. Amiera, F.M. Otero, B. Rion-Calonge and M.A Giron
			Measurement of Biofilm Development Within Flowing Water Using Infra Red Absorbance
			G. Bartlett, R. Santos and T.R. Bott
7:00 pm - 8:00 pm	Panel Discussion
8:00 pm - 11:00 pm	Conference Banquet

Friday, May 16, 1997

7:30 am - 8:30 am	Breakfast
			DATA EVALUATION AND APPLICATION
8:30 am - 8:50 am	The Estimation of Errors in the Determination of Fouling Resistances
			J.H. Howarth and N.F. Glen
8:50 am - 9:10 am	Use of Operational Data in Fouling Investigations
			S. Scholl
9:10 am - 9:30 am	Fouling Database:  A Novel Computer-Aided Tool
			M. Perrakis, N. Andritsos and A.J. Karabelas
9:30 am - 9:50 am	Application of Single Phase Fouling Date to Two Phase Flows
			W.C. Kuru, C.B. Panchal and J.W. Palen
9:50 am - 10:10 am	A Simplified Probabilistic Cost Model for Maintenance of 
			Heat Exchangers Subject to Fouling
			S.M. Zubair, A.K. Sheikh, M.S. Khan and M.O. Budair
10-10 am - 10:30 am	Some Remarks on the Probabilistic Basis for 
			Characterizing Fouling Data
			A.K. Sheikh, S.M. Zubair, M. Younas and M.O. Budair
10:30 am - 11:00 am	Coffee Break
11:00 am - 12:00 noon	Final Discussion
12:00 noon - 2:00 pm	Closing Lunch
2:00 pm			Bus Departure to Pisa