PRELIMINARY PROGRAM

MITIGATION OF HEAT EXCHANGER FOULING
AND
ITS ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS

July 11-16, 1999
Banff Centre for Conferences
Banff, Alberta, Canada

Conference Chair:
Reg Bott
School of Chemical Engineering
The University of Birmingham, United Kingdom

Conference Co-Chairs:
Professor A. Paul Watkinson
Department of Chemical Engineering
The University of Bristish Columbia Canada

Dr. C.B. Panchal
Argonne National Laboratory USA

Professor Luis F. Melo
Biological Engineering Department
University of Minho
Portugal

Co-Sponsors
ASME Heat Transfer Division
AIChE Heat Transfer and Energy Conversion Division
Heat Transfer Research Inc.
The University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering

United Engineering Foundation, Inc.
Three Park Avenue, 27th Floor
New York, NY 10016-5902
Phone: 1-212-591-7441 Fax: 1-212-591-7441
E-mail: engfnd@aol.com Website: www.engfnd.org

Sunday, 11th July, 1999

16:00 - 18:00 Registration

18:30 - 20:00 Dinner and Welcoming

20:00 - 21:00 Social Hour

Monday, 12th July, 1999

7:00 - 8:30 Breakfast Buffet

SESSION I: INTRODUCTION
Session Chair: TBA

8:30 - 9:00 Fouling: Needs and Opportunities
T.R. Bott
School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Birmingham, UK

9:00 - 9:30 Review of Fouling Mechanisms
Speaker to be announced

SESSION II: PREDICTION OF FOULING
Session Chair: TBA

9:30 - 10:00 Predicting Level of Fouling Using Neural Network Approach
Anwar K. Sheikh, Kamran M. Raza, Syed M. Zubair, and M.O. Budair
Department of Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi Arabia

10:00 - 10:30 Gas-Side Particulate Fouling (in Waste Incinerators) Prediction
of Local Deposition Rates
M.C. van Beek, C.C.M. Rindt, A.A. van Steenhoven
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Eindhovenn University of Technology, The Netherlands;
J.G. Wijers
Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands

10:30 - 11:00 Coffee Break

11:00 - 11:30 Early Prediction of Fouling Tendency of Fuels with Increased
Calcium Content
Slobodan V. Djekic and Predag M. Radovanovic
Electric Power of Serbia, Yugoslavia;
Zoran S. Micevic
Energoprojekt-Entel, Yugoslavia

11:30 - 12:00 Numerical Analysis of Fouling and Excess Heat Transfer Area in
Plate Heat Exchangers
H.V. Zettler and H. Müller-Steinhagen
Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Surrey, UK

SESSION III: ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF FOULING
Session Chair: TBA

12:00 - 12:30 The Potential Environmental Impact of Condenser Fouling in
a Power Station
T.R. Bott
School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Birmingham, UK

12:30 - 13:00 Sustainable Industrial Water Use
N.F. Glen, J.H. Howarth, A.M. Jenkins and D. McDowell
Process and Energy Centre, East Kilbride, UK

13:00 - 14:30 Lunch

14:30 - 18:00 Ad hoc sessions and/or free time

18:00 - 19:30 Dinner

SESSION IV: FOULING MONITORING
Session Chair: TBA

19:45 - 20:15 On-Line Monitoring of Chlorination Treatments at VADO Ligure
Power Plant by Biox System: Two Years of Experience
Pierangela Cristiani
ENEL Research, Italy;
Franco Agostini
ENEL/PIN/AMB, Italy

20:15 - 20:45 Fouling Monitoring on Process Plant - Field Experience
N.F. Glen, J.H. Howarth and A.M. Jenkins
Process and Energy Centre, UK

20:45 - 21:15 Performance Based Monitoring and Additive Control
E. Beardwood and G. Hays
Ashland Chemical Division, Industrial Division, USA

21:15 - 21:45 Simulation of Fouling in Heat Exchangers Using an Annular
Test Section
James G. Knudsen, G.R. Ehteshami
Oregon State University, USA;
George F. Hays
Drew Industrial Division, One Drew Plaza, USA

22:00 - 23:00 Social Hour

Tuesday, 13th July, 1999

7:00 - 8:30 Breakfast Buffet

SESSION V: FOULING CONTROL: WATER SYSTEMS
Session Chair: TBA

8:30 - 9:00 A Review of Recent Investigations on Physical Water Conditioning
H. Müller-Steinhagen
School of Engineering In the Environment, The University of Surrey, UK

9:00 - 9:30 Recent Developments in Industrial Water Treatment
Jasbir S. Gill
Calgon Corporation, USA

9:30 - 10:00 Fibre-Modified Scaling Mechanisms in Heat Transfer Fouling
Mitigation
Md Salim Newaz Kazi, X. Dong Chen and Geoffrey G. Duffy
School of Engineering, University of Auckland, New Zealand

10:00 - 10:30 Coffee Break

10:30 - 11:00 Technique for Quantifying the Scale Suppression Effect of
Inhibitors
David Hasson and Raphael Semiat
Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Israel

11:00 - 11:30 Pulsed Acoustics for Biofouling Control in Heat Exchangers and
Piping Systems
Robert A. Brizzolara, Marianne Walch, David J. Nordham
Naval Surface Warfare Center, USA;
Michael S. Mazzola, Mississipi State University, USA;
George J. Licina, Structural Integrity Associates, Inc., USA

11:30 - 12:00 Understanding and Preventing Fouling with Traceable Dispersants
William M. Hann, Thomas W. Sanders and Kathryn Yocum
Rohm and Haas Company, USA

12:00 - 12:30 Implications of Various Dispersants on the Biofilm Clean Up
Process
E. Beardwood and Therrien
Ashland Chemical Division, USA

12:30 - 13:00 Influence of Pulsating Flow on Fouling Behavior
Wolfgang Augustin and Matthias Bohnet
Institut für Verfahrens - und Kerntechnik
Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany

13:00 - 14:30 Lunch

14:30 - 18:00 Ad hoc sessions and/or free time

18:00 - 19:30 Dinner

SESSION VI: FOULING CONTROL: PETROLEUM AND ORGANIC SYSTEMS
Session Chair: TBA

19:45 - 20:15 Mitigation of Heat Exchanger Fouling in the Oil Industry
Jamil J. Al-Bagawi, Saudi Aramco
Syed Ahmed M. Said, KFUPM, Saudi Arabia

20:15 - 20:45 Mitigation of Fouling in Canadian Refineries and Heavy Oil
Upgraders
Richard J. Parker
National Centre for Upgrading Technology, Canada;
Len Flint, LENEF Consulting Ltd.

SESSION VII: FOULING CONTROL: COMBUSTION PROCESSES
Session Chair: TBA

20:45 - 21:15 Mitigation of Fouling in Sugar Cane Bio Energy Systems
Revin Panray Beehary
Department of Chemical and Sugar Engineering, University of Mauritius, Mauritius;
T.R. Bott
School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Birmingham, UK

21:15 - 21:45 Low Quality Coals and Blending Opportunities for Mitigation of
Fouling
R. Korbee, S. Eenkhoom, H.J.M. Visser and J.H. A. Kiel
Netherlands Energy Research Foundation ECN, The Netherlands

22:00 - 23:00 Social Hour

Wednesday, 14th July, 1999

7:00 - 8:30 Breakfast Buffet

SESSION VIII: FOULING CONTROL: SURFACE TREATMENT
Session Chair: TBA

8:30 - 9:00 Influence of Surface Properties on Heat Exchanger Fouling
H. Müller-Steinhagen and Q. Zhao
School of Engineering In the Environment, The University of Surrey, UK

9:00 - 9:30 Modification of the Characteristics of Heat Transfer Surfaces as
a Fouling Mitigation strategy
Markus Förster and Matthias Bohnet
Institut für Verfahrens - und Kerntechnik
Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany

9:30 - 10:00 Investigation of Fouling Behavior of Low Energy Surface and
Fouling Fractal Characteristics
Jie Ding, Ziqiu Shen, Qingfeng Yang
Dalian University of Technology, China

10:00 - 10:30 Coffee Break

10:30 - 11:00 New Surface Layer Formation by Ion Assisted Reaction (IAR) and
Optimum Plasma Zone (OPZ)
Seok-Keun Koh, Ki-Hwan Kim, and Byung-Ha Kang
Thin Film Technology Research Center, KAIST, Korea
Elena Kralkina, and Serguei Kondraning, Plasma Tech

11:00 - 11:30 Effect of Plasma Polymerized Film on Fouling of Heat Exchangers
Ki-Hwan Kim
Thin film Technology Research Center, KAIST, Korea

11:30 - 12:00 Mitigation of CaCO3 Fouling on NI-P-PTFE Surface Material
Yuwn-Shi, Jiabin Chen, Dunqi Xu and Tianqing Liu
Dalian University of Technology, China

12:00 - 12:30 Fouling Shape - Yet Another Factor to Mitigate Fouling Thermal
Resistance
Teodor Skiepko
Department of Heat Engineering
Bialystok Technical University, Poland

12:30 - 13:00 Discussion

13:00 - 14:30 Lunch

14:30 - 16:30 Ad hoc sessions and/or free time

SESSION IX: CLEANING
Session Chair: TBA

16:30 - 17:00 Methodology to Determine the Cleaning Cycles of Shell and Tube
Heat Exchangers from a Sustainable View for Process Plants
Alejandro Anaya
Institute Mexicano de Petroleo, Mexico
Julio Landgrave
UNAM, Mexico

17:00 - 17:30 A Risk Based Cost Model of a Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger
Subject to Fouling
Syed M. Zubair, M. Sultan Khan, Anwar K. Sheikh and M.O. Budair
Department of Chemical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi Arabia

17:30 - 18:00 Scheduling of Heat Exchanger Cleaning in Refinery Heat Exchanger
Networks
V.S. Vassiliadis, D.I. Wilson and F. Smaili
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK

18:00 - 19:30 Dinner

SESSION IX: CLEANING (Continued)
Session Chair: TBA

19:45 - 20:15 Statistical Characterization of Time Between Cleaning of
Thermosyphon Reboilers in Oil Industry
Anwar Khalil Sheikh
Mechanical Engineering Department, KFUPM, Saudi Arabia

20:15 - 20:45 Modelling of Crystalline Scale Removal
D.I. Wilson
Department of Chemical Engineering
University of Cambridge, UK

20:45 - 21:15 Fouling Mitigation in Polymer Film Heat Exchangers
C. Ramshaw
Department of Chemical and Process Engineering
University of Newcastle, UK

21:15 - 22:00 Discussion
of the revised chapter on fouling in the Heat Exchanger Design Handbook. Copies of the document will be available with the conference papers

22:00 - 23:00 Social Hour

Thursday, 15th July, 1999

7:00 - 8:30 Breakfast

SESSION X: COAL COMBUSTION
Session Chair: TBA

8:30 - 9:00 Characterisation of Initial and Final Boiler Furnace Deposits When
Burning Some Pulverised Lignite of Balkans Peninsula
Slodoban V. Djevik and Predrag M. Radovanovic
Electric Power of Serbia, Yugoslavia
Zoran S. Micevic
Energoprojekt-Entel, Yugoslavia

9:00 - 9:30 Methodological Approach to the Definition of a Boiler
Reconstruction When Changed Coal Characteristics
Zoran S. Micevic
Energoprojekt-Entel, Yugoslavia
Slodoban V. Djekic, Electric Power of Serbia, Yugoslavia

9:30 - 10:00 Total and Spectral Emissivity of Initial Ash Deposits in Boiler
Burning Kosovo Lignite
Zoran Micevic
HK Energoprojekt-Entel, Yugoslavia
Ljubomir Jovanovic
VINCA Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Yugoslavia

10:00 - 10:30 Coffee Break

SESSION XI: CURRENT RESEARCH: CORROSION
Session Chair: TBA

10:30 - 11:00 Interface Evolution and the Delamination and Spalling of Oxide
Scales and Thermal Barrier Coatings
Daniel R. Mumm and Anthony G. Evans
Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, USA

11:00 - 11:30 Numerical Simulation of Corrosion Product Deposition on Heat
Exchanger Surfaces
Stéphane Callamand, Marc Bassat and Derek H. Lister
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Canada

SESSION XII: CURRENT RESEARCH: BIOFOULING AND FOOD PROCESSING
Session Chair: TBA

11:30 - 12:00 Model Investigation of Initial Fouling Rates of Protein Solutions in
Heat Transfer Equipment
Ian Rose, A. Paul Watkinson and Norman Epstein
Department of Chemical and Bio-Resource Engineering
The University of Bristish Columbia, Canada

12:00 - 12:30 Modelling of Coring in Fat Distribution Lines
D.I. Wilson
Department of Chemical Engineering
University of Cambridge, UK

12:30 - 13:00 Adhesion Strength of Biofilms in Pipes
M.J. Chen, Z. Zhang and T.R. Bott
School of Chemical Engineering
The University of Birmingham, UK

13:00 - 14:30 Lunch

SESSION XIII: CURRENT RESEARCH: PARTICLE DEPOSITION
Session Chair: TBA

14:30 - 15:00 Particle Deposition on a Cylinder in Crossflow: Numerical
Simulation and Experimental Validation
F. Bailer and J.M. Grillot
GRETh/CEA-Grenoble, France

15:00 - 15:30 Theoretical Study of Particle Deposition Onto a Cylinder in Cross-
Flow
A.K. Temu
Department of Chemical and Process Engineering
University of Das Es Salaam, Tanzania
O.K. Sonju
Department of Thermal Energy and Hydropower
Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway

15:30 - 16:00 Experimental Study of Particle Deposition onto a Cylinder in Cross-
Flow
A.K. Temu
Department of Chemical and Process Engineering
University of Das Es Salaam, Tanzania
O.K. Sonju
Department of Thermal Energy and Hydropower
Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway

16:00 - 16:30 Flow Distribution and Particulate Fouling in Plate Heat Exchangers
G. Bigoin and J.M. Grillot
GRETh/CEA-Grenoble, France

16:30 - 17:00 Influence of Particles on Scalin in Industrial Heat Exchangers
M.G. Mwaba, M. Vorstman, C.C.M. Bindt and A.A. van Steenhoven
Eindhovenn University of Technology, The Netherlands

17:00 - 17:30 Studies in Micron-Sized Particle Deposition on Flat Surfaces
S.G. Yiantsios and A.J. Karabelas
Department of Chemical Engineering
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and Chemistry Process Inst., Greece

SESSION XIV: CURRENT RESEARCH: PETROLEUM PROCESSING
Session Chair: TBA

17:30 - 18:00 Fouling of a Sweet Crude Oil Under Inert and Oxygenated
Conditions
A.P. Watkinson, B. Navaneetha-Sundaram and D. Posarac
Department of Chemical and Bio-Resource Engineering
The University of British Columbia, Canada

18:00 - 18:30 Fouling of Heat Exchangers by Blends of Incompatible Oils
Irwin Wiehe
Soluble Solutions, USA

18:30 - 19:00 Effect of Resins on Heat Exchanger Fouling by Asphaltene
Containing Oils
Eman Al-Atar and A.P. Watkinson
Department of Chemical and Bio-Resource Engineering
The University of British Columbia, Canada

19:00 - 19:30 Simulation of Furnace Fouling-Pilot Plant Tests
Richard J. Parker
National Centre for Upgrading Technology, Canada
Richard A. McFarlane
Alberta Research Council, Canada

20:00 - 22:00 Conference Banquet and Social Hour

Friday, 16th July, 1999

7:00 - 8:30 Breakfast

SESSION XV: CURRENT RESEARCH: CRYSTALLISATION AND SCALING
Session Chair: TBA

8:30 - 9:00 Comparison of Rate Models and Compilation of Experimental Data
for Calcium Carbonate Scaling from Water
Derek K. Baker and Gary C. Vliet
Department of Mechanical Engineering
The University of Texas at Austin, USA
Desmond F. Lawler
Department of Civil Enigneering
The University of Texas at Austin, USA

9:00 - 9:30 The Mechanisms and Kinetics of Sodium Aluminosilicate Scale
Formation in Bayer Plant Heat Exchangers
Mark Barnes, Andrea Gerson, Robert Jones and Jonas Addai-Mensah
Ian Wark Research Institute, University of South Australia, Australia

9:30 - 10:00 Studies of Salt Deposition in Channels with Turbulence Promotors
G.A. Dreitser
Department of Aviation Thermal Technics Moscow Aviation Institute, Russia

10:00 - 10:30 Coffee Break

10:30 - 11:00 Enhancement of Precipitation Fouling Due to Dispersed Micron-
Sized Particles
N. Ardritsos and A.J. Karabelas
University of Thessaloniki, Chemical Engineering Department, Greece

11:00 - 11:30 Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Coprecipitation
T.H. Chang, M. Ng, S.K. Sim, Y.H. Tan and R. Sheikholeslami
School of Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry
The University of South Wales, Australia

11:30 - 12:15 Final Discussion
The Way Ahead

12:30 - 13:30 Lunch

14:00 Conference Adjournment

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